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The NIST 14 Mass Spectral Library
& Search Software (NIST 2014/EPA/NIH)
(previously NIST 2011/NIST11/NIST 2008/NIST08)

2014 version now shipping.
Special introductory pricing ends Jan 31—Order online.

Major Enhancements in 2014 from 2011
  • Increased coverage in all libraries (EI MS, MS/MS, and GC RI)
  • Retention index usable in match scoring
  • Metadata improvements, including InChIKey, derivatives, user libraries
  • Upgrade discount for any previous versions
Notice to licensed NIST users
  • Please see Update Registion to receive e-mail notifications when future updates to your NIST and/or Wiley MS libraries are available.
> Search NIST Compounds Online
Figure: EI spectra, structure, and corresponding data for a sample compound in the NIST database.


Four-page brochure of NIST 14 (PDF)

Summary: The NIST 14 mass spectral library, the successor to the NIST 11, is a fully evaluated collection of electron ionization (EI) and MS/MS mass spectra, with chemical and GC data, plus search software to identify your own unknown spectra. It is a product of a more than three decade, comprehensive evaluation and expansion of the world's most widely used mass spectral reference library by a team of experienced mass spectrometrists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in which each spectrum was examined for correctness.

Table of Contents

NIST 14 Components

NIST 14 is not just a mass spectral library. It contains these components:

Libraries are formatted the binary format suitable for use alone or by the NIST MS Search software (and AMDIS). Additional instrument-specific formats (e.g. Agilent ChemStation and MassHunter) are available separately to permit library searching directly within your GC/MS or LC/MS data system.

With each purchase, we ship a CD (installs software, libraries, and documentation) and a printed manual.

To check for compounds in the NIST library, you may search names of compounds online.

Summary Statistics

Statistics for NIST 11 and earlier versions are given below.

  NIST 14 NIST 11 NIST 08 NIST 05 NIST 02
EI Spectral Library:
Number of EI Spectra
276,248(*) 243,893(*) 220,460(*)
(with separable collection of 717 spectra of 672 salts)
190,825(*) 174,948
Number of Unique Compounds 242,466 212,961 192,108 163,198 147,198
Retention Index (Kovats/Lee) 387,463 index values for 82,868 compounds (56,216 in the EI library) 346,757 index values for 70,838 compounds (38,648 in the EI library) 224,038 index values for 44,008 compounds (21,847 in the EI library), now on both polar and non-polar columns. 121,112 index values for 25,893 compounds (12,452 in the EI Library), on only non-polar columns. NONE
MS/MS Library 234,284 spectra: 51,216 ion trap spectra for 42,126 different ions of 8,171 compounds, and 183,068 collision cell spectra (qtof and tandem quad) spectra for 14,835 different ions of 7,692 compounds. 95,409 spectra (10,065 ion trap spectra of 9,194 different ions of 4,628 compounds; 85,344 collision cell spectra (qtof and tandem quad) of 7,172 different ions of 3,877 compounds)[#] (121,586 spectra in 2012 update) 14,802 spectra of 5,308 precursor ions (3,898 cations and 1,410 anions). 5,191 spectra of 1,943 different ions (1,671 positive and 341 negative) NONE
NIST MS Search software v. 2.2 (2014-04) v. 2.0g (2011-05) v. 2.0f (2008-08) v. 2.0d (2005-04) v. 2.0a (2002-07)
AMDIS software v. 2.72 (2014-04) v. 2.70 (2011-05) v. 2.65 (2006-12) v. 2.62 (2005-03) v. 2.1 (2002-07)
Release Date July 2014 June 2011 August 2008 June 2005 July 2002

(*) plus quality improvements

See also What's New in NIST 14.

Electron Ionization (EI) mass spectral library

This is a "fully evaluated" collection of electron ionization (EI) mass spectra. It is the product of a more than three decade, comprehensive evaluation and expansion of the world's most widely used mass spectral reference library by a team of experienced mass spectrometrists in which each spectrum was examined for correctness. Each spectrum has been carefully evaluated, and all decisions regarding selection or deletion were made only after agreement of two experienced mass spectral evaluators, as described in presentations at major conferences. While computer methods assisted in finding chemical identification errors and inconsistencies, and revealed certain varieties of mass spectral errors, manual interpretation was the principal basis for this evaluation effort.

The Electron Ionization (EI) mass spectral library consists of 276,248 spectra of 242,466 unique compounds. Besides spectra, typical data include name, formula, molecular structure (.mol), molecular weight, CAS number, contributor name, list of peaks, synonyms, and estimated and/or measured retention index.


Figure: NIST MS Search software showing EI mass spectrum and compound information.
Name: 1-Decanol
Formula: C10H22O
MW: 158 Exact Mass: 158.167066 CAS#: 112-30-1 NIST#: 374910 ID#: 37364 DB: mainlib
Other DBs: Fine, TSCA, RTECS, HODOC, NIH, EINECS, IRDB
Contributor: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2010
InChIKey: MWKFXSUHUHTGQN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
10 largest peaks: 
	70	999 |	55	987 |	56	859 |	69	823 |	43	732 |
	41	727 |	83	724 |	84	476 |	57	452 |	97	389 |
Synonyms:
1.Decyl alcohol; 2.n-Decan-1-ol; 3.n-Decanol; 4.n-Decyl alcohol;
5.Alcohol C10; 6.Alfol 10; 7.Capric alcohol; 8.Caprinic alcohol;
9.Decanol; 10.Nonylcarbinol; 11.Sipol L10; 12.T-148; 13.Decylic Alcohol;
14.Decan-1-ol; 15.Decanol-(1); 16.Agent 504; 17.Antak; 18.Dytol S-91;
19.Decyl, n- alcohol; 20.Lorol 22; 21.Primary decyl alcohol; 22.Royaltac;
23.C 10 alcohol; 24.Epal 10; 25.Royaltac-85; 26.Royaltac M-2; 27.Lorol C10;
28.Nonylcacarbinol; 29.1-Hydroxydecane; 30.Conol 10N; 31.Kalcohl 10H;
32.NSC 406313; 33.Nacol 10-99

The NIST EI Library focuses on:

Here is a breakdown by mass:

The best quality spectra are placed in the Main Library; and good-quality, alternate spectra are provided in the Selected Replicates Library.

NIST includes a collection salts and low-volatile substances not expected to be measurable by GC/MS. Here's a breakdown by mass (data from 2008 version, of 717 spectra of 672 compounds):

To check whether certain compounds or classes of compounds exist within the NIST database, you may do an online search of compounds in the NIST MS database.

NIST spectra have been obtained from thousands of sources. Major sources include

# Spectra, Name  (data from 2014 version)
44447 V.G.Zaikin,R.S.Borisov, Topchiev Inst. Petrochem. Synth (TIPS RAS), Moscow
30498 A.A.Kutin, Moscow, Russia
29729 Chemical Concepts
22527 NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
      31(2014),  199(2013), 1347(2012),  270(2011), 4034(2010), 1126(2009),   60(2008),
       237(2007), 1335(1998),   48(1995), 2775(1994),  211(1992), 2183(1990), 8672(other)
16737 Japan AIST/NIMC Database: 9026(MS-NW-X), 7711(MS-IW-X)
11135 L.N.Kulikova,R.S.Borisov,V.G.Zaikin, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow
 9136 J. Little, Eastman chemical company,Kingsport,TN
 7895 Div. of Experiment Therapeutics WRAIR, WRAMC, Washington DC 20307
 4794 V.A.Korolev, Moscow, Russia
 4581 A.T.Lebedev, Moscow State University, Russia
 3760 LAC, NIDDK, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892
 2836 D.HENNEBERG, MAX-PLANCK INSTITUTE, MULHEIM, WEST GERMANY
 2807 ASES Database, Dalian Institute, P.R. China
 2735 CARL DJERASSI DEPT OF CHEM STANFORD UNIV STANFORD CALIF 94305
 2308 Asinex Ltd, Moscow, Russia
 1886 Institute of Organic Chemistry, USSR: 1988,1990
 1862 A.Mazepa, Phys.-Chem.Institute, Odessa, Ukraine
 1728 RADIAN CORP
 1683 Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin, Department of Chemistry, Analytical Group
 1666 A.Pleshkova, Nesmeyanov Inst.Org.Elem.Cpds, Moscow
 1662 Chuck Anderson, Aldrich Chemical Co.
 1279 Drug Lab
 1105 TNO Volatile Compounds in Food - Chemical Concepts
 1093 Organic Synthesis Lab, MSU, Moscow
 1045 William W. Christie, Mylnefield Lipid Analysis, Invergowrie, Dundee, Scotland, UK
  995 John Halket,Royal Holloway, University of London, UK
  898 A. Brossi, LC, NIDDK, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892
  812 Patti Price, Georgia Bureau of Investigation, Decatur, Georgia
  797 V.A.KOPTYUG, ATLAS OF MASS SPECTRA OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
  787 H. Fales, LC, NHLBI, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892
  704 Tox21 Consortium/NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2012
  702 J.E. WILKINSON S-CUBED, SAN DIEGO, CA.
  600 Dr. Jiri Zamecnik, DCIEM, North York, Canada, GP Library
  566 R.T.HOLMAN,UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
  549 Philip Morris R&D
  542 AAFS Toxicology Section MS DB Committee, U. Alberta, Canada
  522 A.S.Moskovkin,I.M.Karnaukh, Russian Center on Disaster Medicine
  495 Finnigan MAT: Toxicological Library (LIBR-TX)
  492 B. Derendyaev, Novosibirsk Institute of Organic Chemistry
  406 P.A. Leclercq, Lab. Instrum. Anal., Eindhoven Univ. Technol., Netherlands
  396 Leung Pu, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.
  395 A. Lebedev, Chemistry Department, Moscow State University
  384 J. Klune, Insect Chem. Ecol. Lab., USDA, Beltsville, MD 20705
  354 Insect Chem. Ecol. Lab., USDA, Beltsville, MD 20705
  374 G.S. KING, CHEM. PATHOL. DEP., QUEEN CHARLOTTE'S HOSP., LONDON
  364 R RYHAGE MS-LAB KAROLINSKA INSTITUTET STOCKHOLM SWEDEN
  352 L. Cohen, LC, NIDDK, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892
  343 Darrick Lee, Cayman Chemical, Ann Arbor, MI
  333 J.M. Halket, Trace Anal. Unit (TAU), London, UK
  332 HD Science, UK
  326 N.D.Kagramanov, Moscow, Russia
  317 W.Jennings, T.Shibamoto
  310 F. TURECEK,HEYROVSKY INST PHYS CHEM & ELECTROCHEM,PRAGUE,CZECH
  308 A. Mujsce, AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, N.J., USA
  296 O A MAMER, MCGILL UNIVERSITY, MONTRE
  295 G. Lange, Inst. Org. Chem., Univ. Wurzburg, Germany
  279 TAT
  272 K. Kirk, LC, NIDDK, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892
  144 K. Kirk, LBC, NIDDK, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892
  272 Richard Turcotte. Direction des laboratoires d'expertises et d'analyses alimentaires, Quebec, Canada.
  262 K. Jacobson, LBC, NIDDK, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892
  259 A.Pleshkova, Moscow,Russia
  255 A.Pleshkova, Inst. Org. Elem. Cpds, Moscow
  251 Dmitri Zagorevskii, Scientific Instruments & Applications
  251 MASS SPECTROMETRY CENTER, UNIV. OF UTAH; ALDRICH
  242 J. Daly, M. Garraffo, T. Spande, LBC-NIDDK-NIH, Bethesda, MD
  241 S. MARKEY UNIV. OF COLO. MED. CTR., DENVER, COLORADO, USA
  235 Dennis Rohrbaugh, CBDCOM/ERDEC, Edgewood, MD
  231 H. Luftmann, Org. Chem. Inst., Westfalisch-Wilhelms Univ., Munster, Germany
  230 CONTINENTAL OIL CO., PONCA CITY, OKLA, USA
  217 N.Klyuev, Institute of Ecology & Evolution, RAS, Moscow
  212 S.M. Lee, CA Export Lab. Services, CA, USA
  211 J. SHAW, BORRISTON RESEARCH, ROCKVILLE, MD, USA
  198 D.G.Hayward MS, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, FDA, College Park MD.
  194 J.VOTH UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA, DAVIS, CALIFORNIA, 95616, USA
  192 BAY
  189 P. VAINIOTALO, DEPT. CHEM., UNIV. JOENSUU, JOENSUU, FINLAND
  188 Susan Richardson
  179 ATLAS OF MASS SPECTRA OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS, V. A. KOPTYUG, ED.
  175 V.A. KOPTYUG, ATLAS OF MS OF ORG. CMPDS., ED. 2
  173 Dr. P.K. Shah, NYC Police Laboratory, NY
  166 W.T.RAINEY OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY,OAK RIDGE,TN.USA
  162 A.I. Gren, Phys.-Chem. Inst., Acad. Sci. Ukraine, Odessa, Ukraine
  162 Dmitri Zagorevskii, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO
  162 G. Lange, Inst. Org. Chem., Univ. Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
  161 A. Brossi, LAC, NIDDK, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892
  160 R.E.Ardrey ET AL.Pharmaceutical Mass Spectra,L.,1985
  157 Association of Official Racing Chemists
  157 N.W. Davies, Centr. Sci. Lab., Univ. Tasmania, Hobart, Australia
  156 Institute of Chemistry, SAS, Bratislava, Slovakia
  151 S.A. Rang et al., IR & MS of Unsatd. Hydrocarbons, 1977
  149 ChemBridge Corp.
  145 MASS SPECTROMETRY CENTER, UNIV. OF UTAH EPA-PTSEL
  144 CATALOGUE OF MASS SPECTRA OF PESTICIDES, APRIL, 1975; J. FREUDENTHAL & L. G. GRAMBERG, NAT'L INST. OF PUBLIC HEALTH, THE NETHERLANDS
  142 VERIFIN - Methodology
  141 Mark Whitten, Florida Museum of Natural History, U. of Florida
  139 FOOD RESEARCH REPORT 1XX, K.E. MURRAY & COLLEAGUES, DIV. OF FOOD RESEARCH, CSIRO, AUSTRALIA
  137 VERIFINN
  135 B.R. PETTIT, QUEEN CHARLOTTE'S MAT. HOSP., LONDON, U.K.
  134 J.T. CLERC, ORGANIC CHEM. LAB., ETH, ZURICH, SWITZ.
  132 R. P. Adams and V. Dev, Synthesis and GCMS analysis of angelates and tiglates as an aid to identification of these components in essential oils, Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 25, 71, 2010
  129 Virginia Division of Forensic Science
  127 E. Zissis, LC, NIDDK, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892
  126 Frank Antolasic, RMIT Applied Chemistry Department, Victoria Australia 3001
  123 S K.-T. Yu et al. RI and mass spectra of PFP and HFB esters of carboxylic acid, Nat Inst for Petroleum and Energy Research, 1990
  122 R. C. DOUGHERTY
  119 H. ALDERCREUTZ, UNIVERSITY OF HELSINKI, HELSINKI, FINLAND
  117 M.G.HORNING,INST.FOR LIPID RES,BAYLOR COLL.OF MED,HOUSTON,TEX
  115 H.LAATSCH,INST. ORG. CHEM.,GEORG-AUGUST-UNIV. GOTTINGEN,W.GER.
  111 Pu Leung, NIH, Bethesda, MD
  110 D.J.HARVEY UNIV. DEPT. OF PHARMACOLOGY, OXFORD, UK
  110 T.A.BLAZER, DU PONT, GIBBSTOWN, N.J., USA
  107 OGDEN BioServices Corp., NCI, Rockville, MD 20852
  104 USAF ACADEMY, COLORADO SPRINGS, COLORADO 80840; J LLOYD PFLUG
  102 J.M. MILLER,BROCK UNIVERSITY,ONTARIO,CANADA
  102 L. Tsai, LB, NHLBI, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892
  102 P. BRUCK, MAGYAR TUDOMANYOS AKADEMIA, HUNGARY
  101 CSV Ltd., Moscow, Russia
  101 FDA, Los Angeles District Laboratory
  101 R.W.A.OLIVER UNIV. OF SALFORD, SALFORD, LANCASHIRE, UK
  ...and thousands of other sources...

MS/MS Library

The MS/MS Library can optionally be purchased separately at a lower price (with a complete copy of the MS Search software), if you are not interested in the other data in NIST 14.

Most of the MS/MS spectra have been measured on ion trap and collision cell (qTOF, QQQ, and HCD) instruments using electrospray ionization, although spectra from a number of other instrument types and ionization methods are represented.


Figure: MS/MS search tab in NIST14. Spectra organized by positive/negative charge, mass, formula, compound name, and acquisition energy/conditions.

See NIST 14 MS/MS for details on the MS/MS library.

Gas Chromatography (GC) Data Library

Tip: You probably have heard of the NIST MS Database. But have you heard of the NIST GC Database? The GC Database is also available separately at very low cost, so you can provide it to each of your chemists to run on their desktops.

Gas phase retention data for compounds common to the EI and NIST Retention Data collection are provided with links to the EI library. This involves 387,463 Kovacs retention indices and corresponding GC methods, column conditions and literature citations for 82,868 compounds. Data include both non-polar and polar columns. Most values were abstracted from the open literature and then compared to replicate values and estimates to find and remove errors. We also continue to provide estimates of retention indices for most compounds in the library using an extension of a method developed earlier for boiling points [2-3].

GC data includes

Typical GC data for a compound (decanol) is below:

Experimental RI median±deviation (#data) 
Semi-standard non-polar:	1273±2 (69)
Standard non-polar:     	1257±3 (73)
Polar:                  	1760±9 (70)
Estimated non-polar retention index (n-alkane scale): 
Value: 1258 iu
Confidence interval (Alcohols):  41(50%) 176(95%) iu

Retention index. 
1. Value: 1256 iu
Column Type: Capillary
Column Class: Standard non-polar
Active Phase: CP-Sil PONA GB
Column Length: 100 m
Carrier Gas: He
Column Diameter: 0.25 mm
Phase Thickness: 0.25 um
Data Type: Linear RI
Program Type: Ramp
Start T: 140 C
End T: 230 C
Heat Rate: 5 K/min
Start Time: 10 min
End Time: 25 min
Source: Cunicao, M.M.; Lopes, A.R.; Cocco, L.C.; Yamamoto, C.I.; Plocharski,
R.C.B.; Miguel, M.D.; Junior, A.G.; Auer, C.G.; Miguel, O.G., Phytochemical
and antibacterial evaluation of essential oils from Ottonia Martiana Miq.
(Piperaceae), J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 18(1), 2007, 184-188.

2. Value: 1255.2 iu
Column Type: Capillary
Column Class: Standard non-polar
Active Phase: DB-1
Column Length: 30 m
Carrier Gas: He
Column Diameter: 0.25 mm
Phase Thickness: 0.25 um
Data Type: Linear RI
Program Type: Ramp
Start T: 40 C
End T: 325 C
Heat Rate: 3 K/min
Source: Sun, G.; Stremple, P., Retention index characterization of flavor,
fragrance, and many other compounds on DB-1 and DB-XLB, 2003.

...214 more GC records (omitted from this display)...

The GC data is useful not only for the GC retention index values but also for the GC column conditions and cited literature that goes with it.


Figure: NIST MS Search software showing GC method and retention index data for a compound with an EI mass spectrum.

See NIST 14 GC/RI for details on this library.

References:
[1]. Babushok, V.I., Linstrom, P.J., Reed, J.J., Zenkevich, I.G., Brown, R.L., Mallard, W.G., Stein, S.E., Development of a database of gas chromatographic retention properties of organic compounds. J.Chromatog. A, 2007, 1157, 414-421.
[2]. Stein, S.E., Brown, R.L. Estimation of normal boiling points from group contributions. J.Chem.Inform.Comput.Sci., 1994, 34, 581-587.
[3]. Stein, S.E., Babushok, V.I., Brown, R.L., Linstrom, P.J., Estimation of Kovats retention indices using group contributions. J.Chem.Inf.Modeling, 2007, 47, 975-980.

NIST MS Search Software

(Note: See What's New in NIST 14 for more recent changes.)


Figure: NIST MS Search software

The updated, full-featured NIST MS Search Program for Windows has a full range of integrated tools.  The new updated version of this widely used, full-featured software is designed for identifying compounds from their mass spectra and for exploring mass spectral libraries.  It also contains tools for deconvoluting gas/liquid chromatograms and interpreting mass spectra.

Tip: If you've used older versions of NIST MS Search (especially before 2005), see all the features that have been added to the last four editions.

Overview

This software provides a flexible means of accessing data in the NIST and User libraries including:

Windows Organization

When the program is first started, seven tiled windows appear on the screen (the Desktop), each with its own data and behavior.  The behavior of any Window may be modified by making it active (clicking on it) and then pressing the AdjustWin button at the bottom of the Desktop.  As you become familiar with program operation, you may wish to change the dimensions of some Windows or even close some of them to create a custom Desktop.  When the program is restarted, it will begin with the most recent Desktop.  To save a window-arrangement Desktop for future use, select Desktop from the Menu Bar and then Save As from the resulting Menu.  Prior Desktops may be restored using one of the predefined names or your own name.  Such arrangements describe the geometry and type of information shown in each Window, not the actual data contained in it.  To restore a previous hit list, select it from the list at the top of the Hit List Window.

Library Searching - Identify unknown compounds and substructures using fully documented and optimized procedures, or search by a wide range of compound and spectral properties.

Library Building - Maintain your own libraries, add your own chemical structures and search using the same optimized procedures developed for NIST.

Flexible User Interface - Set multiple Desktop configurations with up to seven independently configured windows to examine search results and match your needs.

Use with Your Instrument Data Systems - Direct transfer between a number of commercial data systems and the NIST Search Program.

Adding User-Drawn Structures
Users may import their own chemical structures with selected user spectra.  This is done in the Tools/Librarian section of the program by connecting a user-drawn structure in standard MOL-file format with a user spectrum.  Such structure-drawing programs are widely  available (for example, ISIS/Draw may be freely downloaded from http://www.mdli.com/prod/freesw.html).  As before, if a user spectrum is given its CAS registry number and the Main Library has a structure for it, this structure will automatically be shown with user spectra unless the user has attached an imported structure to the spectrum.

Aids for Automation and Reporting
A variety of methods for automated searching and reporting of results are available.  From the File menu selection, if Print automation is on, printing will follow each library search.  A set of print options is also available from the "User Search Options" Window (select Search, then User spectrum).  This is of particular use when using this NIST Program with other data acquisition programs.

What's New in NIST14

EI, MS/MS, and GC RI libraries have all undergone substantial enhancements in the 2014 release (see also statistics at the top of this page).

  1. EI MS Library: Spectra for nearly 30,000 new compounds have been added since the 2011 version, with increased attention to adding metabolites (plant and human), drugs, and compounds of industrial and environmental importance. Emphasis has been put on spectra for a wider range of derivatization methods. Extensive improvements in chemical names, structures and replicate spectra have also been made, with particular attention to improving naming for derivatives.
  2. Tandem MS/MS Library: The number of compounds from the 2012 version has increased by 30% to 9,345 (a 60% increase from 2011 version). With an increased focus on adding all possible precursor ions, this had led to an increased in the number of precursor ions by a factor of three relative to the 2012 version with a near doubling of the total number of spectra to 232K. All new spectra were acquired at high accuracy and resolving power, over a range of energies, and in both collision cells (beam type) and ion traps (up to MS3) in both positive- and negative-ion mode, when appropriate. A large proportion of these new compounds are metabolites, both from plants and humans. Spectra include metabolites, peptides (biologically active peptides and all di-peptides and tryptic tri-peptides), contaminants, lipids and more. Advanced noise removal processes have improved the quality of a number of spectra that appeared in earlier versions. Each spectrum contains extensive annotation, and now user libraries can be created with the same degree of annotation.
    • The MS/MS library now also includes more than 5,000 glycan (native and fluorescently-labeled) spectra of over 100 compounds (a tenfold increase over the previous release), shown in standard "cartoon" format shown below.
  3. GI RI Library: RI data are provided for over 82,000 compounds, an increase of over 12,000 compounds from the 2011 version. More than 56K of these compounds have spectra in the EI Library. The total number of experimental RI values and GC Methods in this release is 387,463, which is an increase of over 10% from NIST 11. The detail of the GC Methods allows for the reproduction the analysis that resulted in the reported RI value and to see the original citation from which the data were derived. As with the previous release, it is possible to do a string search for text in the Text Info pane of a spectrum display to find keywords in titles or column types (RMB menu, Find selection). As has been the case for the last two releases the GC Method/Retention Index Library is also available without the mass spectral data and is provided with its own Search Program.

Updated Software: A number of major new features have been added to the search software. The most significant are

  1. EI MS Library:
    • Simplified derivative identification. Names of derivative compounds have been extensively simplified to the underivitized precursor compound plus the derivative name (e.g. "L-Alanine, TMS derivative"). Derivative structures optionally can also be displayed as the underivitized precursor compound with the derivative name. (This is settable from View > Derivative Parent menu in the Lib Search tab.)

      The simplified names for derivatives also help in the hit list.
  2. Tandem MS/MS Library (most data from ESI)
    • Additional information has been added to compound names in the Tandem MS library that show the precursor ion, instrument and energy.
    • Displaying additional MS/MS information in hit lists
    • Search scoring for spectra with few dominent peaks—a common situation in Tandem MS—has been improved in 2012.
  3. All Libraries
    • The InChI chemical identifier has been added to each compound (in EI, GC/RI, and small molecule MS/MS libraries) - clicking on it optionally bring up a NIH (PubChem) entry for the compound. to PubChem. These InChIKeys may also be used for searching compound information on the Web or for exact structure search in libraries.
    • The spectrum editor and spectrum-import function have undergone significant enhancements to improve the development of user libraries. It is now capable of editing accurate mass data, adding certain field headers and contents, RI, and limited annotation of peaks. As existed in the previous version, it is still possible to use Comments Tags (see Help file) to add non-specific field headers and contents. The Other Names (Synonyms) of the dialog box is used to add Field Headers and the contents for those fields.
    • Structure chirality features are now supported. This has been the case for user libraries in past releases, but is now also the case for the mainlib and replib of the EI Library, currently to a limited extent.
    • Import of High resolution mass spectra (In-source tandem or EI with accuracy m/z)
      The Spectrum Import function has a significant change. In prior versions of MS Search, spectra were imported only as integer m/z values MS Search v.2.2 provides far more control, including accurate m/z value imports with a specified number of decimal places for EI and in-source CAD spectra as well as spectra obtained using MSMS techniques.
      (left NIST 2011 2.0g; right NIST 2014 2.0, similar to 2012 2.0g)
      • Import of "in-tandem" spectra, which do not include a defined m/z of the precursor ion. To import these spectra, select "In-source spectra" in Spectrum Import Options.
      • In-source spectra have accurate ion peak m/z and intensities. The accuracy is set in Spectrum Import Options: ion peak m/z tolerance down to 0.015 ppm or 0.00006 m/z units.
      • Importing and displaying Glycan structures in KCF format.

      (This is further described in Accurate Mass Capabilities in NIST14 Search Software[*] by James Little.)
    • A new In-source HiRes Identity Search for in-source/EI spectra with accurate m/z value ions was developed. This search is done against a user library containing in-source/EI accurate m/z-value or MS/MS spectra using libraries built with Lib2NIST. Search Options are set for MS/MS and In-source/EI with accurate m/z values in Spectrum Search Options dialog box that are located in MS/MS tab. Unlike the Identity MS/MS Search, this search does not compare precursor ion m/z values.
      • In-source spectra may be searched in In-source and/or MS/MS libraries with the new In-source HiRes search, Similarity Simple, Identity Normal or MS/MS Presearch OFF search options. For this purpose, adding Reverse Search option may useful.
      • In-source spectra with accurate m/z may be added to a user library. Currently, these may be searched with In-source HiRes search only with the Presearch OFF option. Rebuild the library with Lib2NIST to get in-source HiRes search benefits.

New in NIST 11

New in NIST 08

New in NIST 05

New in NIST 02 and previous versions

Automated Mass Spectrometry Deconvolution and Identification System (AMDIS)


The AMDIS software extracts pure component spectra from complex GC/MS or LC/MS data files and searches against specialized libraries or the NIST library. This module was developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for the critical task of verifying a major international treaty, the Chemical Weapons Convention. After two years of development and extensive testing it is now being made available to the general analytical chemistry community. AMDIS can operate as a "black box" chemical identifier, displaying all identifications that meet a user-selectable degree of confidence. Identification can be aided by internal standards and retention times. Libraries can be built directly from analyzed data files or from spectra in the NIST/EPS/NIH Database. AMDIS can also serve as a preprocessing tool for the GC/MS data files, automatically performing noise reduction for all components. It permits traditional library searching for any selected component. A flexible interface is provided to assist the analysis of complex matrices.

Included as a separate utility, AMDIS attempts to reconstruct original mass spectra for individual components in arbitrarily complex GC/MS and LC/MS reconstructed total ion current (RTIC) chromatograms; and, if a target library is provided, can directly identify target compounds.  AMDIS is especially useful when an RTIC chromatographic peak represents multiple components.  Regardless of each component's concentration, pure mass spectra are deconvoluted for analyses.  AMDIS was developed by NIST for the Defense Weapons Agency (Department of Defense) for verifying compliance with a major international treaty (Chemical Weapons Convention) ratified by the United States Senate in 1997.  In order to meet the rigorous requirements for this purpose, AMDIS was tested against more than 30,000 GC/MS data files accumulated by the EPA Contract Laboratory Program without a single false-positive for the target set of known chemical warfare agents.  While this level of reliability may not be required for all laboratories, this shows the degree to which the algorithms have been tested.

AMDIS has been designed to reconstruct "pure component" spectra from complex RTIC chromatograms even when components are present at trace levels.  For this purpose, observed chromatographic behavior is used along with a range of noise-reduction methods.  AMDIS is distributed with specialized libraries (environmental, flavor and fragrance, and drugs and toxins), that were derived from the NIST Library.  AMDIS has a range of other features, including the ability to search the entire NIST Library with any of the spectra extracted from the original data file.  It can also employ retention index windows when identifying target compounds and can make use of internal and external standards maintained in separate libraries.  A history list of selected performance standards is also maintained.

As of version 2.65, AMDIS reads data files in the following formats:

AMDIS may also be downloaded separately.

8 minute video introduction to AMDIS (mallard627)
9 minute video of loading GCMS data files in AMDIS and NIST library searching them.

Additional NIST MS Tools: Mass Spec Interpreter



Figure: NIST MS interpreter

This utility enables the user to examine neutral losses, isotope patterns and possible chemical formulas along with computer assisted chemical structure/spectral analysis. Starting with Version 1.5, the program has offered a unique means of interpreting spectra of compounds not identified in the Library by the User spectrum search.  This is most useful when no acceptable matching spectra are found in a User spectrum search of the NIST Library.  At this point, by selecting Substructure Information from the Tools menu, the current hit list is analyzed and statistical information on the composition of the unknown is derived from the hit list.  For instance, the probability that any of a range of substructures are present or absent are listed (phenyl, acid, ester group, double bond, heteroatom, etc.) along with an estimate of the molecular weight and chlorine/bromine content (the latter is based only on the spectrum itself).

This tool was developed to aid NIST evaluators in their analysis of mass spectra.  In one integrated program, it permits a wide range of calculations on a mass spectrum using--if available--a proposed chemical structure.  Spectra and structures are associated in the library facility of the Windows Search Program discussed above, and the program is activated from the Tools menu.  Peaks in the spectrum originating as a logical fragment of the molecule are marked, and corresponding fragments may be highlighted.  It also allows the analyst to keep track of important neutral losses, both from the parent or a derived ion, and to readily compute possible formulas for any peak or neutral loss and isotopic patterns as desired. Observed isotopic clusters can be compared to theoretical predictions subject to a number of user-specified constraints.



Figure: NIST Formula and Isotopic Pattern Generator

System Requirements - NIST14

Operating system requirements:

Complete installation (libraries, NIST MS Search program, and AMDIS) requires about 1.4 GB of free hard disk space. The MS search program requires Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, XP, or Vista.

Note for Windows NT 4: Latest versiosn of AMDIS, MS Interpreter, and Lib2NIST are not compatible with Windows NT 4.0. You may need to download the older AMDIS version 2.63. Running 2.66 on NT 4 gives the error "AMDIS_32.EXE - Entry Point Not Found - The procedure entry point MonitorFromPoint could not be located in the dynamic link library USER32.dll".

NIST 08 Note: Old ChemStations (B1701BA): the error about $_ undefined can be resolved by replacing $_(number, string) with string in the ChemStation macros. Contact us for instructions if you run into this.

Demo Version - NIST 08

Download NIST 08 Demo. The demo differs from the full version of NIST mainly in that it contains a very small subset of the database and a slightly older version of the software (2008 version). Also, this is a demo does not contain the Agilent integration (ChemStation/MassHunter macros nor NIST in the ChemStation .L format), although you can load Agilent .D files into the included NIST AMDIS program, which in turn integrates with NIST MS Search.

Note: For some MS data systems that search for the NIST MS Search program location in the "c:\windows\win.ini" (or "c:\winnt\win.ini") file, you might need to edit that file in a text editor to change the line "[NISTMSDEMO]" to "[NISTMS]" like the real version of NIST.

Download AMDIS 2.71 (July 2012) (free) (a somewhat older version of this is included in demo and need not be downloaded separately)

Documentation & User Manual

Updates

Mass Spec Data System Compatibility

Instructions by MS manufacturer:

(The above list is somewhat of a moving target. Please drop us an e-mail if anything here is incomplete.)

Ordering

Special introductory pricing ends Jan 31.

UOM=EA
Part No. Description Quantity
In Stock
Price Quantity
to order
New Licenses:
841010 NIST 14 Standard Version 6$2445.00[*B][*B] 3 or more: 5% off; 10 or more: 7% off.
841010HP NIST14 with Agilent format 2$2550.00[*B][*B] 3 or more: 5% off; 10 or more: 7% off.
841010MF NIST 14 MULTIFORMAT 0[*L7]Lead time for this out-of-stock item is approximately 7 days. $3950.00
Upgrades:
841010UG NIST 14 Standard Version, UPGRADE 5$1345.00[*B][*B] 3 or more: 5% off; 10 or more: 7% off.
841010HPUG NIST14 with Agilent format, UPGRADE 5$1550.00[*B][*B] 3 or more: 5% off; 10 or more: 7% off.
841010MFUG NIST 14 with Shimadzu/Multiformat, UPGRADE (delayed shipping) 0[*L7]Lead time for this out-of-stock item is approximately 7 days. $2630.00
Special Options:
DOWNLOAD Electronic Download Option. Add this if you are in a rush and want an electronic download e-mailed to you IN ADDITION to a CD and manual being shipped to you. Warning: the download is large ~ 800 MB. 6$10.00

Which version to buy? Call or e-mail us if you have any questions about which version to buy. In summary:

Other databases available: The NIST 14 is a strongly validated and extensively used MS library of general compounds recommended for most all users. Users looking for a larger library or libraries dedicated to certain classes of specialty compounds may wish to augment their NIST database with one of the Wiley MS libraries.

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    NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Enhancements - 1998 version (NIST98) By O. David Sparkman Evaluated and Expanded for Quality Figure 1. The NIST Mass Spectral Search Program with all seven of its Windows displayed. Added Features for Quality Prior to 1998, it had been six years since NIST released its last version of the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. During that period, NIST has completed a ten-year project to completely evaluate the Library. As this process progressed, NIST was able to generate
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    NIST MS Database - Update Notifications NIST current version: The current version of NIST MS is 2011. NIST 2014 will can now be purchased and will be shipping soon--see NIST MS. A 2012 update to the MS/MS portion of the NIST database is also available free to licensed NIST 2011 users--contact us to have a new CD shipped to you. Notifications on future NIST versions: New versions of the NIST MS database come out roughly every three years (e.g. 1998, 2002, 2005, 2008, and 2011), with upgrades avai
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